Ludwig Staden: GI Hydropathic & Naturopathic Recommendation

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Sussanna Czeranko, ND, BBE

Nature Remedy Scientific Pearls

There isn’t a higher technique to treatment inside piles [hemorrhoids] than the Kneipp Remedy. – Ludwig Staden, 1900, p.127


We by no means advocate chilly water functions longer than one to a few minutes; the elemental rule of the Kneipp Remedy is: “The colder the water, the shorter have to be the appliance,” solely then can a superb response happen. – Ludwig Staden, 1901, p.60


Each morning a cool sponge bathtub, and each night time a moist belly bandage. [Advice given to someone with chronic catarrh of the stomach] – Ludwig Staden, 1901, p.145


Final month we have been launched to Ludwig Staden’s column, “Hydropathic Medical Adviser,” revealed all through 1900 in The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month. Staden’s column knowledgeable Individuals about how hydrotherapies may assist in a number of illnesses. The therapies that Staden prompt have been simply self-administered and have been just about freed from prices, apart from time. Now that we have now reviewed respiratory illnesses, allow us to proceed analyzing different illnesses that those that despatched in requests to Staden. I’ve chosen 5 situations, and they’ll certainly be of curiosity, since they’re all prevalent right this moment, 116 years later.

Two Instances of Hemorrhoids

Let’s start with the subject of hemorrhoids, or piles. Two circumstances might be offered. The primary case was submitted by Wm. N. of New Haven, CT. Staden suggested that this affected person’s remedy start with a whole-body sponge bathtub each morning, instantly upon rising. The sponge bathtub was adopted by friction or rubbing with the naked palms. We noticed within the earlier circumstances of the respiratory ailments that Staden appeared to favor starting a affected person’s day with the chilly sponge bathtub.

The following suggestion was a every day chilly sitz bathtub with a period of 30 seconds, to be taken for Three to four weeks. Staden advisable a variety of temperatures be used, eg, “a chilly bathtub could also be from 33° to 70° F/zero.6° to 21° C” (Lust, 1901, p.241), and it was typically adjusted to the affected person’s power and structure.  Then the sitz baths have been diminished to 1 each different day. Three water functions have been prescribed twice every week: the quick bandage, the knee gush, and the higher gush. A water software that aided the evacuation of dissolved morbid matter was the belly bandage, which was utilized at night time. The chilly packs of bandages have been “meant to stop the extreme or irregular movement of blood to anybody half, and to steer off the warmth.” (Lust, 1903, p.317) If constipation was an issue, Staden advisable an enema of weak oak bark tea blended with 1 teaspoon of lemon juice, comprising 1 quart fluid at a temperature of 90° F/32° C. He prescribed a strict vegetarian food plan of two meals per day and loads of air, particularly at night time when sleeping. (Staden, 1900, p.31)

There’s nothing in Staden’s prescription that’s prohibitive. The sitz baths are straightforward to do, requiring a big tub, and are extraordinarily environment friendly by way of time. The quick bandage can be fairly easy. Kneipp used a rough linen sheet and even created a cottage business to satisfy the demand for the specialised linen mesh used for his compresses. If linen was not out there, a cotton sheet was prompt as a superb substitute. A bit of fabric was required as nicely, large sufficient that it lined the torso and reached from the axillae to the knees. It was to be wrapped across the physique a number of occasions after first being dipped into chilly water and totally wrung out. Staden added, “A woolen blanket is put over the moist linen [or sheet] and the affected person is roofed with sufficient blankets to supply pure warmth.” (Lust, 1900, p.20) Staden additionally advisable, “The quick [bandage] has to final from one to 2 hours.” (Lust, 1900, p.20)

Within the second case of hemorrhoids, Rev B., of Toledo, was prescribed alternate heat and chilly sitz baths twice every week. Recall that Staden prescribed solely chilly sitz baths for Wm. N. The nice and cozy sitz bathtub – made with an oak bark decoction – was at 100° F/38° C and was adopted with a chilly sitz bathtub for 30 seconds. The opposite suggestions given to Wm. N. have been additionally given to Rev B., although with minor modifications. What remained the identical was twice weekly quick wraps, and knee and higher gushes, which have been suggested together with the nightly belly compress. The enema had some modifications: ¾ quart (95° F/35° C) of oak bark tea was used, which was adopted by a small chilly injection of water (quantity half of wine glass) that was to stay within the rectum. One cup of buckthorn tea was to be consumed each day, together with a food plan wealthy in fruit, complete wheat bread, and malt espresso. (Staden, 1900, p.127)

Weak Abdomen

Within the case of W & C, of Charleston, SC, who each suffered from weak abdomen, Staden’s emphasis was on dietary modifications. He listed meals and drinks that they have to keep away from, resembling “all meat and meat soups, beef extracts, beer, wine, whiskey, espresso, tea, vinegar, cheese, spices, besides just a little salt, pies, and candies.” (Staden, 1900, p.145)  They have been allowed to eat 2 meals per day, consisting of “all of the inexperienced and root greens (besides cabbage) if they’re ready by steaming and no water which accommodates the vegetable salts and acid (Nachrsalze) must be thrown away; additional every kind of cereals and light-weight flour dishes, the crown of all meals for you, is an everyday fruit food plan, particularly grapes, apples, oranges, pineapples, berries mixed with complete wheat bread and milk.” (Staden, 1900, p.145) Bitter milk with Zwieback complete wheat was additionally advisable for dyspepsia.

Prescribed hydrotherapies included a morning chilly sponge bathtub and an belly compress at night time. 3 times every week the thigh gush and the higher gush have been suggested, and twice every week the quick bandage. If constipation occurred, a weak peppermint tea was utilized in an enema together with a cup of buckthorn tea. W & C hung out on the ocean, and Staden inspired them to proceed browsing within the water and to “take a superb solar bathtub earlier than going within the water and a sizzling sand bathtub after the bathtub.” (Staden, 1900, p.145)


  1. I. B. of Rockford, IL, wrote about considerations of dyspepsia, and Staden rapidly dispelled worries of most cancers or ulcers. As an alternative, he directed this individual to deal with food plan. The integrative strategy trusted by early naturopaths included dietetics and natural teas together with hydrotherapy – an strategy nicely illustrated by this remark by Staden: “Crucial factor is a really cautious food plan, which you didn’t observe until now; water therapies alone are usually not ample.” (Staden, 1900, p.165) His record of meals to keep away from included “every kind of meat and fish, all drinks which comprise alcohol; additionally patent medicines, espresso and tea, vinegar, spices, cheese besides unsalted recent pot cheese, white bread, candies, pies, and so on., and [to] reside totally on greens, cereals, complete wheat bread, toasts, Zwieback, milk, if attainable direct from the cow, and dry rolls.” (Staden, 1900, p.165) He additionally included 1 teaspoon of lemon juice, morning, midday, and earlier than mattress. Staden emphasised that the less complicated the food plan, the higher.

The water software that Staden predictably suggested each morning was the chilly sponge bathtub. Then, “twice weekly a brief wrap or three-quarter pack, one hour period with sitz bathtub, 80° F/27° C 5 to 10 minutes to comply with; each different night an alternate foot bathtub 5 minutes heat and a half a minute chilly, thrice repeated, and each night time moist abdomen bandage.” (Staden, 1900, p.165) He additionally advisable air and solar baths for 10 to 20 minutes within the morning. If constipation ever turned an issue, he recommended the affected person to drink a cup of buckthorn tea and to have an enema utilizing 1 to 1 ½ quarts of water at 95° F/35° C.

Staden’s dietary and natural counsel is certainly sound and in step with what we might advise a affected person with digestive issues. Nevertheless, his inclusion of hydrotherapy, particularly of every day baths and belly compresses, with the much less frequent use of foot baths and wraps, reminds us of the place Naturopathy got here from.  

Heavy Case of Constipation

Emma L. D., of Wunsocket, RI, wrote to Staden about an issue he described as “a really heavy case of constipation.” (Staden, 1900, p.187) The girl was consuming a fruit food plan, which Staden inspired her to proceed. The hydrotherapies that he proposed included a morning chilly sponge bathtub adopted by a vigorous rub all around the physique. Subsequent, he suggested a heat enema, utilizing 1-Three quarts of water till an evacuation, which was then to be adopted by a chilly small enema that was to stay within the bowels. Each night time a moist abdomen bandage was to be utilized. Staden additionally prescribed a twice weekly sizzling sitz bathtub of 98° F/36.7° C for 25 minutes, which was then to be adopted by a chilly wash and – each different day – a chilly half-bath. A cup of buckthorn tea was to be drunk each night, and Staden reminded the affected person to make sure that this natural decoction was cooked for 25 minutes. (Staden, 1900, p.187)

1901, Naturopathic Adviser

Staden continued his column of answering letters despatched to The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month. Nevertheless, as an alternative of it being known as “Hydropathic Medical Adviser,” the column’s title was modified in 1901 to “Naturopathic Adviser.” In a earlier article, “Shock, Shock,” we realized that Lust had used the designation of “naturopathic doctor” for the primary time in print within the December 1900 concern of The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month. (Czeranko, 2016, p.24) The brand new column, “Naturopathic Advisor,” was a pure development for Lust to undertake a wider attain for pure therapies that continues to incorporate hydrotherapy. What’s noticeable in regards to the “Naturopathic Advisor” is that Staden’s responses at the moment are longer and extra detailed. As an alternative of being given one-quarter or one-third of a web page for his column, Staden is now getting the minimal of a half-page. By June 1901, a discover appeared with the “Naturopathic Advisor” column, which said, “Sufferers who want recommendation by mail should ship $2 prematurely for first letter, $1 for any further recommendation. In any other case, no reply in future.” (Staden, 1901, p.170) Little question the demand totally free private recommendation exceeded the expectations and talent to reply each letter.

In his new column, Staden continues to signal his title Ludwig Staden, Naturarzt, and by the November concern, he replaces the German Naturarzt to “Naturopath.” The entire conversion to a brand new id got here within the January 1902 concern of The Naturopath and Herald of Well being, which  completely changed The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month.

Continual Indigestion

Within the February 1901 concern, Michael M., of Flagstaff, AZ, wrote for assist along with his continual indigestion and stiff elbow. Staden begins by advising the affected person to undertake very first thing within the morning “a superb rubbing of the entire physique with a moist towel till heat throughout, then costume with out drying off and take some out of doors train.” (Staden, 1901, p.60) The every day chilly sponge bathtub was changed by “each different day a sitz bathtub, 85° F/29° C 10 to 15 minutes with pouring water on the abdomen.” (Staden, 1901, p.60) As soon as every week, a full pack or a mattress steam bathtub for 1 hour was to be adopted by a chilly sponge bathtub. What remained the identical was the night belly compress.

Staden additionally prompt a night enema or injection that used 1 to 2 quarts of peppermint tea blended with 2 tablespoons of lemon juice to 1 quart. Every consecutive night time, the natural tea that was used for the enema was to be modified. “The primary day peppermint tea, second chicory, third gentian, fourth dandelion, fifth ribwort [Plantago lanceolata], sixth rue, seventh hen’s toes [Caucalis daucoides], then start once more with peppermint.” (Staden, 1901, p.60) For the stiff elbow, a nightly clay compress; in the course of the day, the moist clay compress was to be utilized and renewed as quickly because the clay dried.

On the food plan entrance, Staden gave an in depth account of the vegetarian food plan for this individual. It included a protracted record of allowed greens, fruits, and grains, together with some ideas for sourcing among the objects.

Closing Feedback

For digestive complaints, Staden constantly prescribed a morning chilly sponge bathtub or friction rub and a night belly compress. The individualized therapies proposed included many various water functions, with modifications for every individual. As Benedict Lust modified the title of his columns and his publications, we are able to see that hydrotherapies, food plan, and herbs have been the foundational therapies for the early naturopaths. Within the 1901 column, “Naturopathic Advisor,” dietetics and herbs turn into extra integral to the remedy plan. But, hydrotherapy was unwavering because the core intervention for every affected person. What stands clear as day, the constant use of hydropathy by the early naturopaths gave them an understanding that we have now misplaced.

Within the subsequent concern, we are going to proceed with Staden’s suggestions to girls for a number of gynecological situations.


Czeranko, S. (2016). Shock, shock, Naturopathic Physician Information & Evaluate, 12 (9), 23-24.
Lust, B. (1900). The quick bundle in response to Kneipp. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, I (2), 20.
Lust, B. (1901). Baths and the water treatment. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, II (9), 241.
Lust, B. (1903). The technique of hardening for youngsters and adults. The Naturopath and Herald of Well being, IV (11), 313-322.
Staden, L. (1900). Hydropathic medical adviser. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, I (2), 31.
Staden, L. (1900). Hydropathic medical adviser. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, I (7), 127.
Staden, L. (1900). Hydropathic medical adviser. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, I (eight), 145.
Staden, L. (1900). Hydropathic medical adviser. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, I (9), 165.
Staden, L. (1900). Hydropathic medical adviser. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, I (10), 187.
Staden, L. (1901). Naturopathic adviser. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, II (2), 60.
Staden, L. (1901). Naturopathic adviser. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, II (5), 145.
Staden, L. (1901). Naturopathic adviser. The Kneipp Water Remedy Month-to-month, II (6), 170.

Sussanna Czeranko, ND, BBE, a graduate of CCNM, is a licensed ND in Oregon. Sussanna is a frequent presenter, nationally and internationally. As Curator of the Uncommon Books Assortment at NUNM, she is the writer of The Hevert Assortment, a 12-book sequence about naturopathic drugs, the ninth quantity of which is now full, Psychological Tradition in Naturopathic Medication. Sussanna based The Respiration Academy, a coaching institute for naturopathic docs to include a scientific mannequin of respiratory remedy known as Buteyko into their observe. Her subsequent massive mission is to finish the event of her new medical spa in Manitou Seashore, Saskatchewan – Manitou Waters Centre. She is the co-founder of the Worldwide Congress on Naturopathic Medication and the inaugural convention chair of the Therapeutic Skies Naturopathic Medication Convention, in Saskatchewan.

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