Curcuma longa, Curcuma domestica
Origin: A yellow-colored powder floor from the basis of the turmeric plant. The turmeric plant grows in India and Indonesia and is said to the ginger household (it’s a frequent ingredient in curries). Curcumin is a key chemical in turmeric.
Claims: Reduces ache, irritation and stiffness associated to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA); treats bursitis. Generally known as a cleaning agent, turmeric usually is used as a digestive support in India.
What we all know: Historically utilized in Chinese language and Indian Ayurvedic medication to deal with arthritis turmeric/curcumin blocks inflammatory cytokines and enzymes, together with cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), the goal of celecoxib (Celebrex).
Research: A number of latest research present that turmeric/curcumin has anti-inflammatory properties and modifies immune system responses. A 2006 examine confirmed turmeric was simpler at stopping joint irritation than decreasing joint irritation.
A 2010 scientific trial discovered turmeric complement known as Meriva (standardized to 75 p.c curcumin mixed with phosphatidylcholine) supplied long-term enchancment in ache and performance in 100 sufferers with knee OA.
In a small 2012 pilot examine, a curcumin product known as BCM-95 lowered joint ache and swelling in sufferers with lively RA higher than diclofenac, an nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
Dosage: Capsules, extract (extra more likely to be freed from contaminants) or spice. For OA: Capsule, sometimes 400 mg to 600 mg, 3 times per day; or zero.5 g to 1 g of powdered root as much as three g per day. For RA: 500 mg twice day by day.
“Curcumin makes up solely about 2 to six p.c of turmeric, so make sure to examine the standardized quantity of curcumin,” advises Randy Horowitz, MD, medical director of the College of Arizona Heart for Integrative Drugs in Tucson.
Excessive doses of turmeric can act as a blood thinner and trigger abdomen upset. Keep away from turmeric/curcumin in the event you take blood thinners equivalent to warfarin (Coumadin), are about to have surgical procedure, are pregnant or have gallbladder illness.