20 % of U.S. Teenagers Could Have Had a Concussion

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By Steven Reinberg

HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 (HealthDay Information) — As many as one in 5 U.S. teenagers might have suffered a concussion, and get in touch with sports activities may usually be the trigger.

That is the conclusion of latest analysis that included greater than 13,000 teenagers. It additionally discovered that just about 6 p.c of teenagers reported having a couple of concussion.

These findings present that the variety of center college and highschool college students who will undergo a concussion of their lifetime is larger than thought, stated lead researcher Phil Veliz.

“The prevalence of concussions could also be a lot larger than what’s reported from emergency room information,” stated Veliz, a analysis assistant professor on the College of Michigan.

“Participation involved sports activities exhibits a powerful affiliation with reporting a identified concussion,” he added.

These findings recommend a better want for prevention efforts in faculties and communities, “significantly with respect to interscholastic sports activities and youth sport organizations that function exterior the college surroundings,” Veliz stated.

Nevertheless, a minimum of one specialist questioned the findings due to the examine design.

Dr. John Kuluz is director of traumatic mind damage and neurorehabilitation at Nicklaus Kids’s Hospital in Miami. His first concern is that the query about concussion was solely added to the survey in 2016, so it is not potential to see if a development exists or to match it with earlier years, he famous.

Second, the report requested members to report identified concussions, however is not clear who made the diagnoses, he stated.

Lastly, self-reported information is all the time suspect, as a result of it is subjective, Kuluz stated. It depends on members to recollect and report precisely, which isn’t all the time the case, he famous.

For the examine, Veliz and his colleagues collected information from greater than 13,000 girls and boys in grades eight, 10 and 12, who took half within the 2016 Monitoring the Future survey.

The survey is completed yearly in faculties throughout the nation.

For the primary time, final 12 months’s survey included the query: “Have you ever ever had a head damage that was identified as a concussion?”

Continued

The survey additionally took into consideration variables comparable to gender, race and ethnicity, grade stage, and participation in sports activities throughout the previous 12 months.

The researchers discovered that 19.5 p.c of the kids stated that they had had a minimum of one identified concussion of their lifetime. Fourteen p.c reported one identified concussion, and 5.5 p.c reported being identified with a concussion greater than as soon as.

Elements that elevated the chances of a concussion included being male, white, in a better grade and taking part in aggressive sports activities, the findings confirmed.

Collaborating involved sports activities — comparable to soccer — considerably elevated the danger of a concussion. About 11 p.c of these taking part involved sports activities reported a couple of concussion.

Kuluz stated that many concussions are by no means identified as a result of their signs are so gentle they don’t seem to be observed.

However concussions will be severe and want a health care provider’s care, he defined.

“After a head damage, coaches and fogeys ought to suspect a concussion when a baby begins having complications, blurry or modified imaginative and prescient, stability issues, and if they’ve misplaced consciousness,” Kuluz stated.

The report was printed Sept. 26 within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation (JAMA).

Lengthy-term injury brought on by repeated blows to the top has garnered a lot consideration lately. A examine printed in July in JAMA stated power traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) — a situation that may mimic Alzheimer’s illness — was present in 99 p.c of brains donated by 111 former NFL gamers.

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