CARMIGE

Jump sharing on social networking links
For those who have concerns about your children’s growth, communicate with their doctor immediately. The supplier then can analyze the little one and test for special issues, including autism.

Moreover, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that health care providers distribute an ASD-unique instrument to evaluate development in the 18-month and 24-month visits regardless of if the kid has risk factors for ASD.

During these developmental screenings, the doctor may:

Inquire you specific questions regarding your kid’s activities and conduct
Request one to complete a survey about your children’s behaviour
Talk right to the kid
The doctor might make use of a screening evaluation especially for ASD.

Furthermore, the doctor might also recommend that the kid possess a blood test to help rule out some other illnesses and issues.   Related : First Signs Of Autism

With respect to the outcome of the blood test as well as the developmental as well as other screenings, your kid’s health care provider will either:

Send your son or daughter to your specialist in child development or a different specialized area to diagnose the little one with autism. The practitioner will then do several evaluations to determine whether your child has autism or a different illness. These can include evaluations of your son or daughter ‘s communication skills and observation of the little one ‘s behaviours.
As the diagnostic criteria for ASD transformed in 2013 (see below), continuing research can help ensure that these screening tests are correctly identifying kids who meet the newest standards for ASD.

Diagnosing ASD
The American Psychiatric Association, an expert society of shrinks, upgraded the standards for an autism diagnosis in May 2013. The standards are printed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM 5).

As stated by the DSM5 standards, a man has ASD if he or she:

Has difficulties with communication and social interactions, specifically:
Doesnt answer appropriately to social and emotional signals
Has shortages in nonverbal communication during social interactions
Has problem acquiring camaraderie, keeping friends, and understanding relationships
Has at least two forms of persistent behavioral patterns. These might include persistent motions, inflexible routines, quite limited interests, or uncommon results to specific sensory stimulation, like the manner a specific thing feels.
There are various tools that specialists normally use to diagnose autism. The single tool that now meets the revised DSM5 standards is the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS 2). Nevertheless, it alone just isn’t sufficient to generate a diagnosis of ASD. Existing diagnostic tools are being changed to better meet the DSM5 standards.

During an ADOS 2 evaluation, the specialist interacts directly along with your kid in social and play activities. By way of example, the specialist will see whether your child reacts to her or his name and how he/she performs in make-believe play, such as with dolls. The specialist is seeking unique features which can be hallmarks of ASD. To be clinically determined to have ASD, a kid must have had symptoms since a very young age.

Included in the investigation, the specialist may also notice whether your child has:

Any genetic disorder that’s proven to cause ASD or its symptoms, including Fragile X syndrome or Rett syndrome; your kid might get a genetic test to find these varieties of illnesses.
A language impairment as well as the amount of impairment
Intellectual disability as well as the amount of impairment
Any medical conditions common among those with ASD, like seizures, stress, depression, or difficulties together with the digestive system
Depending in your son or daughter ‘s unique symptoms and demands, the team of specialists might also wish to provide your son or daughter a wide selection of other evaluations. In case your son or daughter shows symptoms of seizures, a brain specialist, or neurologist, might use electric detectors to detect your son’s or daughter’s brain process.

Your son or daughter may need other tests to find out how better to treat the indications of ASD. A hearing specialist, or audiologist, might examine your son or daughter ‘s hearing, which can occasionally appear inferior in children with ASD. Other evaluations might include evaluations of muscle strength and evaluations of your son or daughter ‘s capability to control motion.

Source :
– Myers, S. M., & Johnson, C. P.; American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Children with Disabilities. (2007). Management of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 120(5), 1162-1182.
– Johnson, C. P., & Myers, S. M.; American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Children with Disabilities. (2007). Identification and evaluation of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 120(5), 1183-1215.
– American Academy of Pediatrics. (2006). Identifying infants and young children with developmental disorders in the medical home: An algorithm for developmental screening and surveillance. Pediatrics, 118 (1): 405-420. doi: 10.1542/peds.2006-1231.
– Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition. (2013). American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.

When do kids typically show symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD)?
Jump sharing on social networking links
The indications of autism consistently appear early in growth.1 Many children show symptoms of autism by 12 months to 18 months old , for example: Related : Types of Autism Therapy
Troubles with eye contact
No answer to their name
Issues following someone else ‘s gaze or pointed finger to an object (or “joint attention”)
Lousy abilities in make-believe play and caricature
Issues with nonverbal communication
Many parents aren’t conscious of these “early” hints of autism and do not begin thinking about autism until their kids don’t begin talking at a typical age.
Most kids with autism aren’t diagnosed until after age 3, despite the fact that health care providers could see developmental issues before that age.
Research suggests that early detection and early intervention significantly enhance results,10 so it is crucial that you check for all these symptoms when a kid is as youthful as potential.

Regression
Some kids with autism regress, meaning they quit using language, play, or social skills they’ve already discovered. This regression typically occurs between ages 1 and 2 years. It may occur before for some social behaviors, including taking a look at faces and discussing a grin. Researchers do not understand why some kids regress into autism or which kids are likely to regress.

Other Early Indications
There also might be early biological signals of ASD. Recent research show that:
Individuals with autism have exceptional brain action, arrangements, and links.
You will find differences in brain development in ASD as early as 6 months old.

Source :
– Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition. (2013). American Psychiatric Association: Washington, DC.
– Johnson, C. P., & Myers, S. M.; American Academy of Pediatrics Council on Children with Disabilities. (2007). Identification and evaluation of children with autism spectrum disorders. Pediatrics, 120(5), 1183–1215.
– Lord, 1995; Stone, 1999; & Charman, 1997. As cited in: Filipek, P. A., Accardo, P. J., Ashwal, S., Baranek, G. T., Cook, E. H. Jr., Dawson, G., et al. (2000). Practice parameter: Screening and diagnosis of autism. Report of the Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology and the Child Neurology Society. Neurology, 55, 468–479.
– Zwaigenbaum, L., Thurm, A., Stone, W., Baranek, G., Bryson, S., Iverson, J., et al. (2007). Studying the emergence of autism spectrum disorders in high-risk infants: Methodological and practical issues. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(3), 466–480.
– Yoder, P., Stone, W. L., Walden, T., & Malesa, E. (2009). Predicting social impairment and ASD diagnosis in younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(10), 1381–1391.
– Rogers, S. J. (2009). What are infant siblings teaching us about autism in infancy? Autism Research, 2(3), 125–137. [top]
– Barbaro, J., & Dissanayake, C. (2009). Autism spectrum disorders in infancy and toddlerhood: A review of the evidence on early signs, early identification tools, and early diagnosis. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 30(5), 447–459.
– Shattuck, P. T., Durkin, M., Maenner, M., Newschaffer, C., Mandell, D. S., Wiggins, L., et al. (2009). Timing of identification among children with an autism spectrum disorder: Findings from a population-based surveillance study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(5), 474–483.
– Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network Surveillance Year 2006 Principal Investigators, CDC. (2009). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders – Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, United States, 2006. MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 58(SS10), 1–20. Retrieved January 28, 2011, from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/ss5810a1.htm
– Dawson, G., Rogers, S., Munson, J., Smith, M., Winter, J., Greenson, J., et al. (2010). Randomized, controlled trial of an intervention for toddlers with autism: The Early Start Denver Model. Pediatrics, 125(1), e17–23.
– Johnson, C. P. (2004). New tool helps primary care physicians diagnose autism early. AAP News, 24(2), 74. [top]
– Goldberg, W. A., Thorsen, K. L., Osann, K., & Spence, M. A. (2008). Use of home videotapes to confirm parental reports of regression in autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38(6), 1136–1146.
– Rodier, P. M., & Hyman, S. L. (1998). Early environmental factors in autism. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews: Special Issue: Autism, 4, 121–128. As cited in: Lord, C., Shulman, C., & DiLavore, P. (2004). Regression and word loss in autistic spectrum disorders. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(5), 936–955.
– Werner, E., & Dawson, G. (2005). Validation of the phenomenon of autistic regression using home videotapes. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62(8), 889–895.
– Luyster, R., Richler, J., Risi, S., Hsu, W. L., Dawson, G., Bernier, R., et al. (2005). Early regression in social communication in autism spectrum disorders: A CPEA study. Developmental Neuropsychology, 27(3), 311–336.
– Ozonoff, S., Iosif, A. M., Baguio, F., Cook, I. C., Hill, M. M., Rogers, S. J., et al. (2010). A prospective study of the emergence of early behavioral signs of autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49(3), 256–266.
– Anderson, J. S., Lange, N., Froehlich, A., DuBray, M. B., Froimowitz, T. J., Alexander, A. L., et al. (2010). Decreased left posterior insular activity during auditory language in autism. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 31(1), 131–139.
– Kaiser, M. D., Hudac, C. M., Shultz, S., Lee, S. M., Cheung, C., Berken, A. M., et al. (2010). Neural signatures of autism. Proceedings of the National Academies of Science USA, 107(49), 21223–21228.
– Shumann, C. M., Bloss, C. S., Barnes, C. C., Wideman, G. M., Carper, R. A., Akshoomoff, N., et al. (2010). Longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging study of cortical development through early childhood autism. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(12), 4419–4427.
– Wolff, J. J., Gu, H., Gerig, G., Elison, J. T., Styner, M., Gouttard, S., et al. (2012). Differences in white matter fiber tract development present from 6 to 24 months in infants with autism. American Journal of Psychiatry. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2011.11091447

Which are the treatments for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)?
Jump sharing on social networking links
There’s now no one conventional treatment for autism.
However you will find lots of strategies to help minimize the symptoms and maximize capabilities. Individuals who have ASD have the best potential for using all of the capabilities and skills when they receive proper treatments and interventions.
The best treatments and interventions in many cases are different for every individual. But most individuals with ASD respond best to highly organized and specialized programs.1In some cases, treatment can help individuals with autism to operate at near-normal amounts.
Research suggests that early identification and interventions, including during preschool or before, tend to be prone to get important positive effects on symptoms and later abilities. Read more on the topic of early interventions for autism.
Because there may be overlap in symptoms between ASD as well as other illnesses, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),2 its significant that treatment focus on a individuals unique wants, as opposed to the diagnostic label.
Choose the links to find out more on every form of treatment for ASD.

Kinds of Treatments for ASD
Behavioral management therapy
Cognitive behavior therapy
Early intervention
Educational and school-based therapies
Joint attention therapy
Medication treatment
Nutritional therapy
Occupational therapy
Parent-mediated therapy
Physical therapy
Social skills training
Speech-language therapy

In the event you possess a question about treatment, speak with a healthcare provider who focuses on caring for individuals with ASD. These resources have more information regarding treatments for autism:
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention describes some treatment alternatives.
http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/treatment.html
The Autism Speaks organization supplies a Family Services Resources guide. It’s possible for you to search the manual to seek out autism-related care and services in your town.
http://www.autismspeaks.org/community/fsdb/search.php

Source :
Autistic characteristics in children with and without ADHD. Pediatrics, 132(3), e612e622.
(2011).

Jump sharing on social networking links
Cognitive behavior therapy targets the link between ideas, feelings, and behaviors. Collectively, the therapist, the individual who has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and the parents develop certain aims for the length of treatment. Through the sessions, the individual who has autism learns to recognize and change ideas which cause trouble feelings or behaviors in particular situations.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is structured into particular stages of treatment. Nevertheless, it’s also individualized to patients’ strengths and weaknesses. Research demonstrates this treatment helps individuals with a few forms of ASD handle stress. Additionally, it may help some individuals with autism make do with social situations and better understand emotions. Related : Speech Language Therapy

Source :
Lang, R., Regester, A., Lauderdale, S., Ashbaugh, K., & Haring, A. (2010). Treatment of anxiety in autism spectrum disorders using cognitive behavior therapy: A systematic review. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 13(1), 53-63.

Speech Language Therapy
Jump sharing on social networking links
Language-language therapy will help individuals with autism spectrum disorder enhance their capabilities to speak and connect to others.

Verbal Abilities
This kind of treatment can help some individuals enhance their spoken or verbal abilities, including:

Related : Social Skills Training

Right naming individuals and stuff
Enhancing the speed and rhythm of language
Nonverbal Communication
Language-language therapy also can instruct nonverbal communication abilities, including:

Using hand signs or sign language
language therapy actions may also include social skills and regular social behaviors. As an example, a kid might find out the best way to create eye contact or to stand in a comfortable space from someone else. These abilities make it a little simpler to connect to others.

Source :
Paul, R. (2008). Interventions to improve communication in autism. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Clinics of North America, 17(4), 835–856.

Social Skills Training
Jump sharing on social networking links
This training teaches kids the skills they must connect to their peers. It provides duplicating and encouraging specific behaviors. Social skills training will help enhance relationships.
The Children’s Friendship Training intervention,2 for instance, helps elementary school-age kids enhance several social skills:   Related : Physical Therapy
– Dialogue
– Managing tease
– Being a great sport
– Revealing great host behavior during play dates

Source :
A randomized controlled study of parent-helped Children’s Friendship Training with kids having autism spectrum disorders. (2011). Tactical Plan.

Physical Therapy
Jump sharing on social networking links
Physical therapy contains tasks and exercises that build motor skills and enhance strength, position, and equilibrium.

As an example, such a treatment aims to help a kid develop muscle control and strength so he or she is able to play more readily with other kids.  Related : Parent Mediated Treatment

Issues with motion are typical in ASD, and lots of kids with autism receive physical therapy.1 Nevertheless, there isn’t yet strong signs that specific treatments can enhance movement abilities in people that have autism.

Source :
– Autism Speaks. (2013). Recovered September 17, 2013, from http://www.autismspeaks.org/family-services/tool-kits/100-day-kit/treatments-therapies Outside Web Site Policy
– Downey, R., & Connection, M. J. (2012). Motor task in kids with autism: A overview of current literature.
Present views on motor operating babies, kids, and adults with autism spectrum disorders.

Parent Mediated Treatment
Jump sharing on social networking links
In parent-mediated treatment, parents learn treatment techniques from professionals and offer special treatments for their particular kid. This strategy gives kids with autism spectrum disorder consistent support and training each day. Parents may also run some treatments with kids that are vulnerable to autism but are too young to be diagnosed.  Related : Occupational Therapy
Several kinds of treatments can be parent-mediated, including:
– Joint attention treatment
– Societal communicating treatment
Studies indicate that parent-mediated treatments may have the ability to increase the little one ‘s communication abilities and interactions with others.1There is now little evidence supporting one particular parent-mediated treatment over another. Autism Speaks sponsors the Autism Speaks Toddle Therapy Network, which assesses special strategies for really young kids.

Source :
– McConachie, H., & Diggle, T. (2006). Parent implemented early intervention for young children with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 13(1), 120-129.
– Autism Speaks. (2012). Upcoming Conference on Toddler Interventions in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Retrieved April 27, 2012, from http://www.autismspeaks.org/create-content/news/toddler-treatment-network

Jump sharing on social networking links
Occupational therapy helps people who have autism spectrum disorder do regular jobs by finding methods to work within and take advantage of the demands, capabilities, and interests.

An occupational therapist might: Related : Nutritional Therapy

Locate a specially designed computer mouse and computer keyboard to facilitate communicating
Educate personal care skills like getting dressed and eating
Do lots of the same kinds of actions that physical therapists do

Source :
Case-Smith, J., & Arbesman, M. (2008). Evidence-based review of interventions for autism used in or of relevance to occupational therapy. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62, 412–429.

Nutritional Treatment
Dumpster sharing on social networking links
To get various reasons, kids with autism might not get the nourishment they require. Some kids with autism is only going to eat certain foods because of the way the foods feel inside their mouths. Other times, they may avoid eating foods due to the fact that they connect them with belly pain or suffering. Some kids are put on small diets in hopes of enhancing autism symptoms.

It is necessary that parents and health professionals work using a nourishment specialistsuch as a documented dietitianor health care provider to design a meal plan to get an individual who has autism, particularly when they would like to use a restricted diet. Such suppliers will help ensure the kid continues to be getting all of the nutrients he/she must develop into a healthy adult, even while on the specific diet.

As an example, many kids with ASD are on gluten free or casein-free diets. (Gluten and casein are kinds of proteins present in wheat and milk goods, respectively.) Accessible research data don’t support using a casein-free diet, a gluten-free diet, or a joined gluten free, casein-free diet as a main treatment for people with ASD.

Great Nutrition Is Significant
Research demonstrates kids with autism have a tendency to possess thinner bones than children without autism. Limiting use of bone-building foods, including dairy products, can allow it to be even more difficult for their bones to develop powerful. Working using a healthcare provider might help ensure that kids who are on special diets still get the bone-building as well as other nutrients they desire.  Related : Medication Treatment

Digestive Troubles in ASD
A number of people with autism also have digestive difficulties, including constipation, stomach (belly) pain, or vomiting. Some research indicates that digestive difficulties happen more frequently in people who have autism than in individuals without autism, but research continues to be being done with this issue. Working using a healthcare provider might help ensure a diet will not make digestive troubles worse.

The NICHD as well as other agencies and organizations will continue research for more information about how kids with autism develop and when they will have unique nutritional needs.

Source :
Nutritional and metabolic status of children with autism vs. neurotypical kids, and the organization with autism severity. Nutrition & Metabolism, 8(1), 34. [top]
Plasma amino acids profiles in children with autism: Possible danger of nutritional deficiencies. [top]
Food assortment as a predictor of nutritional status among children with autism. doi: 10.1007/s10803 011 1268 z [top]
Does nutritional consumption differ between children with autism spectrum disorders and kids with typical growth? [top]
Assessment, analysis, and treatment of gastrointestinal disorders in people with ASDs: A consensus report. Pediatrics, 125, S1S18. [top]
Reduced bone cortical depth in boys with autism or autism spectrum disorder. [top]
Gastrointestinal issues in kids with autism, developmental delays or typical growth. [top]
– Development and maturation in children with autism or autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). (2007). Retrieved January 28, 2011, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17547689